Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. Popularly known as the "Paradise on Earth", Jammu and Kashmir is world famous for its scenic splendour, snow-capped mountains, plentiful wildlife, exquisite monuments, hospitable people and local handicrafts. Kashmir is also popularly known as the mini Switzerland in India. This is largely due to the snow clad mountains, pine trees, the pleasant weather all year round and abundance of mountains, lakes, landscapes, gardens and valleys.